Between a Europe of nations and a superstate – Collegium Intermarium Report no. 2


Between a Europe of nations and a superstate
Doctrinal, legal and economic aspects of the project of ‘deeper integration’ in the European Union



The aim of the presented work is to demonstrate the processes taking place in the European Union, which may lead to its transformation into a federal state. The studies analysed the activity of EU institutions in key selected areas of socio-economic life.

The authors of the work indicate that it is necessary to reject the utopian visions of federalisation in Europe. In the legal realm, this should take place by strengthening the powers of the Council as a forum for intergovernmental cooperation. It is also necessary to be wary of any changes that weaken the authority of Member States, such as resigning from the unanimity rule or qualified majority voting, where applicable. The authors also advocate for deregulation in numerous fields
where EU legislation fails to provide the intended results. In addition, it is necessary to respect the principle of subsidiarity. Adoption of any directly binding acts (regulations) should always be treated as an action of last resort (ultima ratio). Lastly, the legislative process adopted by EU institutions must evolve in order to guarantee accessibility and participation to EU citizens.

“An innovative work which discusses the most crucial issues of the EU political system and penetrates its essence. […] This work is a substantive voice in the discussion on the processes taking place in the EU, the desired relations between the EU and the Member States, and the restoration of the rule of law and rationality within them.”

A fragment of the review by Prof. Jacek Zaleśny, Ph.D.


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